高考必考英语短语总结 高考复习常用动词短语归纳(英语)

l.动词+about
  speak/talk about 谈论     think about 思考
  care about 关心,对……有兴趣 bring about 引起,使发生
  set about 着手,开始      come about 发生
  hear about 听说 worry about 为……担心
2.动词+away
  throw away 扔掉         blow away 吹走
  carry away 拿走,使入迷     clear away 清除掉,消散
  die away 逐渐消失,减弱     pass away 去世
  wash away 冲走         take away 拿走,使消失
  put away 收拾起来,存起来    give away 背弃,泄漏,赠送
  wear away 磨掉,消耗       break away 摆脱
  send away 让走开         turn away 把……打发走
3.动词+back
  keep back 隐瞒,忍住       look back(on) 回顾
  hold back 控制住         give back 归还
  call back 回电话         take back 拿回,收回
4.动词+for 
  run for 竞选           ask for 要求得到
  wait for 等候          stand for 代表,表示
  long for 渴望          hope/wish for 希望得到
  care for 关心,喜欢       beg for 乞求
  search for 查找         look for 寻找
  call for 需要,要求       hunt for 寻找
  change…for 用……换      charge…for 收费,要价
  apply for 申请 take…for 误以为……是
  seek for 寻找         come for 来拿,来取5.动词+down
  burn down 烧毁         break down 坏了,垮了,分解
  take down 记下,记录      turn down 调小,拒绝
  cut down 削减,砍倒      slow down 慢下来
  pass down 传下来        put down 记下,写下,镇压
  calm down 平静下来       bring down 使……降低,使倒下
  settle down 安家       come down 下落,传下
  tear down 拆毁,拆除
6.动词+at
  come at 向……袭击       shout at 冲(某人)嚷嚷
  run at 冲向,向……攻击    work at 干……活动(研究)
  tear at 用力撕         look at 看,注视
  stare at 凝视          glare at 怒视
  glance at 匆匆一瞥        laugh at 嘲笑
  knock at 敲(门、窗等)      point at 指向
  smile at 冲(某人)笑      strike at 向……打击
  aim at 向……瞄准       shoot at 向……射击
  wonder at 惊讶        call at 拜访(地点)
7.动词+from
  differ from 与……不同       suffer from 受……苦
  hear from 收到……来信      die from 因……而死
  keep/stop/prevent…from阻止…… learn from 向……学习
result from 由于 date from 始于……时期   
separate…from 把……分离开
8.动词+of
  think of 想到 dream of 梦到
  consist of 由……组成       speak of 谈到
  approve of 赞成          die of 死于
  talk of 谈到           hear of 听说
  complain of 抱怨         become of 发生……情况,怎么啦
9.动词+off
  start off 出发 set off 出发
  leave off 中断      show off 炫耀
  get off 下车       take off 脱下,起飞
  see off 送行       ring off 挂断电话
  put off 延期,推迟      come off 脱落,褪色
  cut off 切断,断绝       fall off 跌落,掉下
  keep off 避开,勿走近      go off 消失;坏了,爆炸,不喜欢
  knock…off 把……撞落     break off 打断
  pay off 还清          carry off 携走带走,赢得
  get off 脱下(衣服等)       give off 散发出
  turn(switch) off 关掉
10.动词+on
  depend on 依靠         rely on 依靠
  insist on 坚持         carry on 继续,进行
  keep/go on 继续         spend…on 在……花钱
  put on 穿上,戴上,上演      call on 拜访
  move on 继续移动,往前走     live on 以……为生
  feed on 以……为生        bring on 使……发展
  take on 雇用,呈现(新面貌等)   try on 试穿
  have on 穿着          pass on 传授,传递
  look on 旁观          turn(switch) on 打开
11.动词+out
  break out 爆发 point out 指出
  pick out 选出 figure out 算出,理解
  burst out 进发 bring out 阐明,使表现出
  carry out 执行,进行 help out 救助
  hold out 坚持下去 set out 出发,着手,摆放
  wear out 穿破,使……疲劳 turn out 结果是,生产,培养
  make out 理解,看清楚 come out 出版,出来
  cross out 划掉 leave out 省略,删掉
  keep out(of) 使不进入,挡住 work out 算出,想出办法等
  find out 查出,弄明白 give out 散发,分发,用完
  try out 试用,试验 look out 当心,提防
  put out 扑灭 speak out 大胆讲出
  hand out 散发 send out 发出,派遣
run out 用完 go out 熄灭
 let out 泄漏,发出(声音),出租 die out 灭绝
12.动词十in
  give in 让步 hand in 上交
  bring in 引进,使得到收入 drop in 拜访
result in 导致 succeed in 在……获成功
  join in 参加 take in 接纳,吸收,改小
  get in 收获,进入 break in 强制进入,插话
  fill in 填写 call in 召集,来访
  cut in 插入 persist in 坚持
  look in 来访,参观
13.动词十into
  look into 研究,调查 turn into 变成
  burst into 闯入,进发 divide…into 把……分成
  change…into 把……变成 put/translate…into 把……译成
  run into碰到 send sb to/into sleep 使进入状态
14.动词+over
  turn over 翻倒,细想 think over 仔细考虑
  go over 审阅,检查,研究 look over 翻阅,检查
  get over 克服 run over 压死,看一遍
  take over 接管,接替 watch over 看守,照看
  fall over 跌倒,摔倒 roll over 翻滚
15.动词十to
  belong to 属于 object to 反对
  refer to 谈到,涉及,参阅 point to 指向
  turn to 向……求助,查阅 stick/hold/keep to 坚持,忠于
  see to 处理,料理 come to 共计,苏醒
  reply to 答复 get to 到达
  bring to 使苏醒把……比作 compare…to 与…相比;把…比作
  agree to 同意 write to 写信给
  supply…to 为……提供 lead to 导致,通向
  add to 增添 attend to 处理,专心,照料
  devote…to 贡献给
16.动词+up
  grow up 成长,长大 give up 放弃,献出
  build up 建立 set up 架起、建立
  put up 搭起,架起,安装,住宿,张贴,盖起
do up 整理,包装,打扮
  go up 增长,上涨get up 起床,站起
pick up 拾起,学会,用车,来接,收听到
  bring up 抚养,呕吐,提出 出现
turn up 开大(音量等),出席
stay up 挺住,熬夜
take up 开始学,从事,占据
sit up 熬夜 eat up 吃完
  use up 用完 tear up 撕碎
  lay up 储存 make up构成,组成 编造 弥补
cut up 切碎 join up 联结起来,参军
  end up 总结 come up 上来,长出,出现
  speed up 加快速度 throw up 呕吐
  clear up 整理,收拾,放晴 look up 查找,找出
  bum up 烧毁 catch up 赶上
  hurry up 赶快 fix up 修理,安排,装置
  keep up 保持 hold up 耽搁,使停顿
  send up 发射 ring up 打电话
  open up 开创,开辟 divide up 分配
  break up 分解
17.动词十through
  get through 通过,干完,接通电话
look through 翻阅,看一遍,仔细查看
  go through 审阅,检查,学习
put…through 接通电话 see through 识破
check through 核对 pull through 渡过危机,康复
18.动词+with
  deal with 处理,对付 do with 处理,需要
  meet with 遇到,遭受 talk with 同……交谈
  agree with 同意,与……一致 compare with 与……相比
  combine with 与……相联合 equip…with 以……装备
  cover…with 用……覆盖 begin with 以……开始
  end up with 以……结束 supply…with 以……供给
  provide…with 以……供给 play with 玩,玩弄
19.三词以上的短语动词
  add up to 总计 break away from 摆脱
  keep away from 避开,别靠近 do away with 废除
  look down on 轻视 look up to 仰望,尊敬
  put up with 忍受 catch up with 赶上
  keep up with 赶上 run out of 用完
  make up for 弥补 go on with 继续
  get on(along) with 和……相处 look forward to 盼望
  get close to 接近 take hold of 握住
  get out of 逃避,避免 get down to 认真开始
  set fire to 放火烧 pay attention to 注意
  take notice of 注意 set an example to 为……榜样
  do well in 在……干得好 pay a visit to 访问
take a photo of 拍……照片 take the place of 取代

高考必考英语短语总结 高考复习常用动词短语归纳(英语)

高考英语常用短语

我搜索了一下(*^__^*) A
词语 解释
above all 首先,首要
according to 根据
act upon each other 相互作用
adapt oneself to 使自己适应……
adapt to 适应
add ... to ... 把…加入
add up to 合计达
address oneself to 向…讲话;与…通信
a few (表示肯定)有些,几个
a great quantity of (接可数或不可数)大量
a good deal of (接不可数名词)许多,大量
a large amount of (接不可数名词)大量
a little (表示肯定)一些,一点点
a lot of (接可数、不可数名词) 大量的,许多
a number of (接可数名词)若干,许多
above all 首先,首要,尤其是
after all 毕竟,终究
ahead of 在…前面,先于
all but 几乎,差一点;除了…都
all of a sudden 忽然
all over 到处,遍及;全部结束。
all right 令人满意的;(健康)良好的;好,行,可以
in all 总共,共计
all the same 仍然,照样地;
all the time 一直,始终
and so on 等等
apart from 除…之外(别无);除…之外(尚有)
as ... as 像,如同,与…一样
as far as 远到;就…而言,至于
as follows 如下
as for 至于,关于
ask for leave 请假
as long as 只要,如果;既然,由于
as soon as 一…就,刚…便
as though 好像,仿佛
as to 至于,关于
as usual 照例,像平常一样-
as well 也,又
as well as 除…之外(也),既…又
ask for 请求,要求
at a loss 困惑不解,茫然不知所措
at all (用于否定句)丝毫(不),一点(不)
at all costs 不惜任何代价,无论如何
at all events 不管怎样,无论如何
at any rate 无论如何,至少
at ease 舒适(地),安逸(地)
at first 最初,起先
at hand 近在手头,在附近
at last 终于
at least 至少
at most 至多,不超过
at no time 从不,决不 。
at once 马上,立刻;同时,一起
at present 目前,现在
at the cost of 以…为代价
at the moment 此刻,目前
at the same time 同时;然而,不过
at the sight of 一看见…就
at the thought of 一想到…就
B
词语 解释
back and forth (前后)来回地,反复地
back up 支持;倒退
be absorbed in 专心于,精神贯注于
be described as 被描写成
be in favor of 支持
be made up of 由…组成,由…构成
be short of 缺少,不足;未达到
bear ... in mind 记住(某事)
because of 因为,由于
before long 不久以后
be worth doing sth 值得做某事
beyond the question 毫无疑问,确定无疑
both ... and ... 既…又…,不但…而且
break down 损坏,抛锚
break in 破门(窗)而入;打断,插嘴
break into 强行闯进
break off -中断,中止
break one"s leave ;超假
break out (战争等)爆发;使逃脱,使逃走
break through 突破,突围
break up 打碎;终止,结束
bring about 带来,引起,导致
bring forward 提出(建议等)
bring in to effect 使生效,实行
brmgin to operation ... 实施;使运行
bring out 使…显示出来;出版
bring up 教育,培养
build up 逐步建立、增强,增进
but for 倘没有,要不是
by accident 偶然
by air 通过航空途径;用无线电
by all means 尽一切办法,务必
by and by 不久,迟早
by chance 偶然,碰巧
by far ... 得多,最(修饰比较级和最高级)
by means of 用,凭借
by mistake 错误地,无意中(做了某件错事)
by no means 决不,并没有
by oneself 单独地,独自地
by the way 顺便地,附带地说说
by way of 经过,经由;通过…的方法
C
词语 解释
call for 要求,需要;邀请
call off 取消
call on 访问,拜访;呼吁,号召
call up 打电话;召集
cannot help doing 禁不住,忍不住
capable of 有…能力(或技能)的;能…的
cannot ... too ... 越…越好,再…也不过分
care forr 照顾,照料;喜欢
carry forward 发扬;进行
carry off 拿走,夺去…的生命
carry on 继续
carry out ,执行,贯彻;进行(到底)
catch sight of 看到,发现
catch up with 赶上
cheat sb. (out) of sth. 骗取某人的某物
check in 办理登记手续,报到
check out 结账后离开,办妥手续离开
cheer up 高兴起来,振作起来
clear up 清理;使变清;放晴
come around 苏醒;顺便来访
come in handy for sth 某物迟早有用
come on (表劝说,鼓励等)来吧,走吧;开始
come out 出版,发表;显现,出现;结果是
come through 经历…仍活着
come to 苏醒;共计,达到
come to an end 结束
come true 实现
come up 出现,走上前来
come up with 追上,赶上;提出
compare ... to 把…比作,把…与…比较
count for little 轻视
count on 依靠,指望
cut down 砍倒;消减;缩短
cut in 打断,插嘴;(汽车)超车抢档
cut off 切掉;切断;阻隔
cut out 删掉,割去
cut short 缩短, 删节
D
词语 解释
deal with 做买卖;处理;论述,涉及 —
decide on 考虑后选定或决定
die down 变弱,逐渐消失 —
die out 消失,灭绝
do away with 废除,去掉
do ... a favour 帮助某人
draw in (火车、汽车)进站
araw up 起草,制订
dream of 梦到;梦想,向往
dress up 穿上盛装,精心打扮
drop in 顺便(非正式)访问
drop out 退学,退出
due to 由于,因为
E
词语 解释
each other 互相(多用作宾语)
elther ... or 或…或,不是…就是…
end up 结束,告终
even if /though 即使,虽然
every now and then 时而,偶尔
every other 每隔一个
except for 除了…外
F
词语 解释
face to face 面对面(的)地;对立地
fail to do. . 没能做…
fit a new suit on sb. 给某人试穿新衣服
fit in with 适合、符合;适应
G
词语 解释
get across 使通过;使被理解
get along 过活;相处(with);进展
get down 从…下来;着手进行;写下
get into 对…发生兴趣;卷入;进入
get off (从…)下来;逃脱惩罚
get on 骑上(马、自行车等),登上(车、船、飞机等);有进展
get on with 与…友好相处;继续干
get out 离去,退出(组织等);(消息等) 泄漏
get over 克服(困难等);从(疾病、失望、震惊等)中恢复过来
get rid of 处理掉;摆脱
get through 完成;打通电话;通过(考试)
get up 起床;起立
give in 屈服;让步
give off 发出或放出(蒸气等)
give out 分发;发出(气味等)
give up 放弃;投降
give way to 让位于;给…让路
go after 追逐,追求;设法得到
go ahead 开始,进行;前进,领先
go along with 赞同,附合,支持
go around (消息)流传;足够分配
go down 下去;(船等)下沉;下降
go for 去请,去取;赞成
go in for 从事于;酷爱;追求
go into 进入;调查;从事
go into action 开始行动
go into effect 实施,生效
go on 继续下去,进行
go out 熄灭,停止运转;过时
go over 检查;复习
go through 遭受,经历;检查,审查
go up 上升,(物价等)上涨;被炸毁,被烧毁
go wrong 出错;发生故障,出毛病
grow up 成熟;成年;发展
H
词语 解释
had better 应该,还是…好
had rather ... than 宁愿…(而不是)
hand in 交上;递上
hand out 分发,散发
hand over 交出,移交
hang on 抓紧不放;坚持下去;(电话不挂) 等一会儿
hang up 把…挂起来;挂断(电话)
have an advantage over 胜于,优于
have in mind 记在心里;考虑到,想到
have nothing to do with 和…毫无关系
have (something) to do with 和…(有点)关系
head for 朝…方向走去
help oneself 自取所需(食物等)
hold back 踌躇,退缩不前;阻止
hold sth back from sb 向某人隐瞒某事
hold on 握住不放;坚持;(打电话用语) 等一会儿
hold on to 紧紧抓住;控制,克制
hold up 举起;耽搁;延迟
hurry up (使)赶快;匆匆完成
hurt one"s feelings 伤害某人感情
参考资料来自: ://dict.cn/ketang/phrase/3-1.htm

高中英语常用单词和短语怎么总结呢?

自己总结太麻烦了,就用闪过英语《高考词汇闪过》,适合想快速通过单词关的同学,里面的单词划分为必考词、常考词、基础词和偶考词,重点很突出,里面的真题短语也很有价值,都是从历年的真题里面总结出来的。

发布日期:2019-11-07 06:57:25  投稿会员: