高考英语常用短语几固定搭配

高考常用固定搭配总结
一、接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的24个常用动词
afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事
agree to do sth. 同意做某事
arrange to do sth.安排做某事
ask to do sth. 要求做某事
beg to do sth. 请求做某事
care to do sth. 想要做某事
choose to do sth. 决定做某事
decide to do sth. 决定做某事
demand to do sth. 要求做某事
determine to do sth. 决心做某事
expect to do sth. 期待做某事
fear to do sth. 害怕做某事
help to do sth. 帮助做某事
hope to do sth. 希望做某事
learn to do sth. 学习做某事
manage to do sth. 设法做某事
offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事
plan to do sth. 计划做某事
prepare to do sth. 准备做某事
pretend to do sth. 假装做某事
promise to do sth. 答应做某事
refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事
want to do sth. 想要做某事
wish to do sth. 希望做某事
注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词:
aim to do sth. 打算做某事
fail to do sth. 未能做某事
long to do sth. 渴望做某事
happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事
hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做某事
struggle to do sth. 努力做某事

二、接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词
advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事
allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事
bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事
beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事
cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事
command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事
elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事
encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事
forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事
force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事
get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事
hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事
help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事
intend sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事
invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事
leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事
like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事
mean sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事
need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事
oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事
order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事
prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事
request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事
remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事
teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事
tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事
train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事
trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事
want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事
warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事
wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事
注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型:
汉语说:“害怕某人做某事”,但英语不说fear sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“原谅某人做某事”,但英语不说excuse [forgive] sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“拒绝某人做某事”,但英语不说refuse sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“惩罚某人做某事”,但英语不说punish sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“建议某人做某事”,但英语不说suggest [propose] sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“赞成某人做某事”,但英语不说approve sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“通知某人做某事”,但英语不说inform sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“欢迎某人做某事”,但英语不说welcome sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“坚持某人做某事”,但英语不说insist [persist] sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“希望某人做某事”,但英语不说hope sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“安排某人做某事”,但英语不说arrange sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“要求某人做某事”,但英语不说demand sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“感谢某人做某事”,但英语不说thank sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“祝贺某人做某事”,但英语不说congratulate sb. to do sth.。
汉语说:“阻止某人做某事”,但英语不说prevent sb. to do sth.。
要表示以上意思,可换用其他表达:
汉语的“原谅某人做某事”,英语可说成excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth.。
汉语的“希望某人做某事”,英语可说成wish sb. to do sth.。
汉语的“建议某人做某事”,英语可说成advise sb. to do sth.。
汉语的“安排某人做某事”,英语可说成arrange for sb. to do sth.。
汉语的“要求某人做某事”,英语可说成demand of sb. to do sth.。
汉语的“感谢某人做某事”,英语可说成thank sb. for doing sth.。
汉语的“祝贺某人做某事”,英语可说成congratulate sb. on doing sth.。
汉语的“阻止某人做某事”,英语可说成prevent sb. from doing sth.。
三、接动名词(不接不定式)作宾语的34个常用动词
admit doing sth. 承认做某事 advise doing sth. 建议做某事
allow doing sth. 允许做某事 appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事
avoid doing sth. 避免做某事 consider doing sth. 考虑做某事
delay doing sth. 推迟做某事 deny doing sth. 否认做某事
discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事
enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事 escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事
excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事 fancy doing sth. 设想做某事
finish doing sth. 完成做某事 forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事
forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事 give up doing sth. 放弃做某事
imagine doing sth. 想象做某事 keep doing sth. 保持做某事
mention doing sth. 提及做某事 mind doing sth. 介意做某事
miss doing sth. 错过做某事 pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事
permit doing sth. 允许做某事 practice doing sth. 练习做某事
prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事 prohibit doing sth. 禁止做某事
put off doing sth. 推迟做某事 report doing sth. 报告做某事
risk doing sth. 冒险做某事 stop doing sth. 停止做某事
suggest doing sth. 建议做某事 understand doing sth. 理解做某事

四、接现在分词作宾补的20个常用动词
bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事 catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事
discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事 feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人做某事
find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事 get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事
have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事 hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事
keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事 listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事
look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事 notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事
observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事 prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事
see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事 send sb. doing sth.使某人(突然)做某事
set sb. doing sth. 使(引起)某人做某事 start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事
stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 watch sb. doing sth. 观五、接动词原形作宾补的11个常用动词
feel sb. do sth. 感觉某人做某事 have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事
hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事 let sb. do sth.让某人做某事
listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事 look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事
make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 notice sb. do sth. 注意某人做某事
observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事 see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事
watch sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事
察某人做某事
六、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的12个动词
like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事
love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事
hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恨做某事
prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁可做某事
begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开始做某事
start to do sth / start doing sth. 开始做某事
continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 继续做某事
can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth. 不能忍受做某事
bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 麻烦做某事
intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事
attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事

高考英语常用短语几固定搭配

高中英语常用固定短语

all by oneself 独立,单独
above all 首先,特别是,最重要的是
after all 到底,毕竟,终究,别忘了
first of all 首先
in all 总共
most of all 最最
all at once 突然,同时,马上
all of a sudden 突然
all right 好吧,行,情况不错
all sorts of 各种各样的
all kinds of 各种各样的
all the best 万事如意
all the more 更加
all the same 尽管如此,仍旧(照样)
all the year round 一年到头
all in all adv.整个来说,大体而言
all together 全部一起,一道
AS(conj. ,adv.& pron.)
as…as…与…一样
as a matter of fact 事实上
as a rule 通常
as a result 结果
as a whole 总的来说
as if(as though) 好象是…,似乎是…
as follows 如下
as for 就…而言
as(so) long as 只要
as soon as 一…就…
as soon as possible 尽快
as usual 象往常一样
as well 也,还
as well as 同…一样
might(may) as well 不妨
so as to 以便
as far as 远至…,就…而言
At(prep.)
at a time 一次,每次
at breakfast 早餐时,正在吃早饭
at first 最初
at home 在家
at last最后,终于
at least 至少
at (the) most至多,不超过
at one time 以前,曾经
at once 立刻,马上
at night 在夜里,在晚上
at midnight 在半夜
at present 目前,现在
at times有时候,偶尔
at sea在大海上,在航行
at one’s own expense 自费
at the bottom 在底端
at the end (of) 最后,尽头
at the latest 最迟
at the mercy of 在……的支配下
at the head of 在……的前头
at the moment 此刻
at the same time 同时
at work 在工作
laugh at 嘲笑
throw at向……扔去
work hard at 努力工作(学习)
be good at 擅长于…
at the age of… 在…岁时
By(prep.)
by accident偶然地
by air(sea, bus…)乘飞机(乘船,乘公共汽车……)
by chance 碰巧,偶然地
by day(night) 在白天(夜晚)
day by day 一天天地
by and by adv. 不久,过一会儿
by far adv. …得多,最最
learn (know)…by heart 记熟…,背诵…
by mistake 错误地,由于疏忽所致
by oneself 独自地
one by one 一个一个地
by the way 顺便说(问)
by turns 轮流
side by side 肩并肩,并排,一起
by the side of 在……附近
by and large adv. 大体上,一般而论
little by little 逐渐
step by step 逐步
Break(v.)
break away from 摆(逃)脱,脱离,改掉,破除
break down (机器、车辆等)坏了,(身体)垮了,中断,压倒,分解
break forth 迸发,突然
break in 强行进入,插嘴,打岔,使驯服,使习惯
break into破门而入,打断,占用
break off突然停止(中断),打断,折断
break out爆发,突然发生
break through 突破,打破
break up 散会,驱散,停课,腐蚀
break with 与(人)断绝关系,绝交,舍弃,破除(传统、旧观念)
Bring(v.)
bring about 引起,导致,致使
bring down 使倒下,使下降,击落,推翻
bring …forth 提出(建议等),使产生
bring in 收进(农作物),提出,挣入,获利,引进,增加
bring on 使发生,引起(疾病等),促进(植物的)成长,助长
bring out 说明,阐明,出版,显现出,把…拿出来
bring to an end 结束
bring up 提出,抚养,培养,呕吐
bring back 带回…,买回…,归还…,送回…,使记起…,使恢复
Call(v.)
call at (a place) 访问(某地)
call back 回电话
call for 去接某人,去拿某物,需要,要求…,大声呼叫…
call in 来访,顺路到…,召来,召集,请来,收回
call on(upon) 拜访,看望,号召,要求
call up 给…打电话,征召(入伍),叫…起床,使想起(往事)
call off 取消…,停止做…
Come(v.)
come about 发生,造成
come across (无意中)碰到,找到,想到,越过
come along 跟去,一道去,赶快,进行,进展
come down 下降,下落,传下来
come into power(office) 执政,就职
come out 出来,出版,发行
come into being 产生,建立
come to 来到(某地),共计,来参加(活动),谈到,恢复知觉
come to a conclusion 得出结论
come to an end 结束
come to nothing(no good) 没有结果(没有好处)
Do(v.)
do a good deed 干得好,搞好工作
do away with 消灭,清除,取消,破除
do good 有好处,有用处,做好事
do harm 有害处,不利
do one a favor 帮个忙
do one good对某人有好处
do one’s best 尽力,竭力
do the deed 付诸行动,生效
do one’s duty 履行职责
do up 收拾,整理,修理,打扮,包,捆,系
do with 处理,需要,想,将就用
do wonders 创造奇迹
do wrong(right) 做错(对)
have sth (nothing)to do with和…有(无)关
Down(adv.)
bring down 使倒下,击落
break down 分解
burn down把……烧成平地,烧光
get down to 开始认真(做某事)
hand down 把……传下来
put down记下,镇压
tear down 拆毁,拆除
turn down 关小,调低
For(prep.)
for a while 暂时,一时
for ever 永远
for free免费
for the moment暂时
be famous for因……而著名
have a gift for 对……有天赋
make a plan for 为……作计划
stand for 代表,象征
in (one’s) search for 寻找(求)
as for 至于,说到
care for 喜欢,想要
change… for用……换
fix a date for 约定……的日期
Give(v.)
give a talk 作报告,作演讲
give birth to 生,产生
give in 让步,屈服,妥协,投降,交上来
give off (散)发出
give one’s life 献出自己的生命
give sb a hand 帮某人忙
give one’s regards(greetings) to向…问好
give out 散发,分发
give up放弃,献出,交出,投降,认输,泄气
Get(v.)
get about (消息)传开,到处走动
get along 进行,过活,相处,走开
get away 逃掉,逃跑
get away from 避免,摆脱,离开
get back 回来,收回
get close to 接近
get down 记下来,打下来,落下
get down on one’s knees 屈膝下跪
get down to 开始认真(做某事)
get into the habit of 染上…的习惯
get hold of 拿到,找到,抓住
get in 进站,进去,回来,收进去,请来
get off 起飞,(动身)离开,脱下(衣服等)
get on (某方面)进行情况,相处,上车,继续进行,顺利发展
get on well with 与…相处融洽
get over 克服,忍受,摆脱(疾病等)
get rid of 消灭,摆脱,除掉
get round 传开,绕过,回避
get through做完,结束,通过(电话)接通
get together 聚会,联欢
get up 起床,站起来,举办
Go(v.)
go after 追求,设法得到
go away 走开,离开
go against 违反
go ahead 进行,进展,干吧,说吧,先走
go all out 全力以赴
go bad (食物等)变坏,坏掉
go by 走过,经过
go in for 从事(某种事业或活动)
go on 发生,进行,进展,继续下去
go off 走开
go out 熄灭,过时
go over 审阅,检查,研究
go through审阅,检查,学习,练习,经历,经过
go up上涨,上升
In(prep.,adv.)
in a flash 一刹那间
in a word总之,简言之
in a hurry 匆忙地,很快地
in (actual) fact 事实上
in a sense 从某种意义上说
in a short while 不久,一会而后
in all 总共,总的来说
in any case不管怎样
in battle 在战斗中
in case如果,以防(有某种情况)
in chains 上着镣铐,在囚禁中
in charge of 主管,负责
in common 共同,共用
in danger 在危险中
in debt 负债,欠帐
in front 前方,正面对
in front of在……前面
in full 全文地,全部地
in general 一般地说
in honour of 为了纪念……,为向……表示敬意
in modern times 现代,近代
in one’s opinion 据(某人的)看法
in order to(that) 为了
in other words 换句话说
in peace 平静地,安宁地
in public 在公众面前,公开地
in search of 寻找
in (one’s) search for 寻找,寻求
in return 作为报答
in silence 沉默地,无声地
in short(=in a word ) 总之
in space 在宇宙空间
in spite of 尽管
in that 因为,原因是
in that case 假如那样的话
in the air 在空中
in the charge of… 有……掌管之中
in the course of 在……过程中
in the day在白天
in the day time在白天
in the future 将来,以后
in the end 最后
in the meantime 与此同时
in the middle (of) 在……中间
in time 及时地
in turn 轮流
believe in 相信,信任
bring in 引进,引来,吸收
call in 召来,召集
hand in 上交,递交
hand in hand 并进,联合,手牵手
drop in 顺便走访
join in 参加,加入
once in a while 偶尔,间或
play a part in 在……起作用
stand in line 站在队里
succeed in (doing sth.)(干……)成功
take part in参加
Keep(v.)
keep a promise 遵守诺言
keep a secret 守秘密
keep watch 注意,警惕,提防
keep back 扣下,隐瞒,忍住(眼泪)
keep body and soul together 维持生活
keep in mind 记住,想着
keep off 避开,挡住,不接近
keep one’s balance 保持平衡
keep on继续(干)
keep out 遮挡,使不入内
keep silence 保持沉默(安静)
keep sb﹍ from doing sth阻止某人做某事
keep up 保持,维持,继续(某活动)
keep up with 不落在后面,跟上,及时了解(情况)
Look(v.)
look after 照顾 ,照管
look as if 看起来似乎
look back(upon)回想,回顾
look down on(upon)看不起
look for 寻找
look forward to 盼望
look into 研究, 调查 ,了解
look like 看起来像
look on(upon)…as 把……看作
look out 查出 找出
look out (for)注意, 当心, 提防
look the same 看起来很像
look through 翻阅, 看一遍
look over (仔细)检查
look up 查找,上涨, 好转, 向上看
Make(v)
make clear 说明,弄(讲)清楚
make a decision 作出决定
make a promise 答应,允诺
make a plan for 为……作计划
make a record 录制唱片
make friends (with)(和…)交朋友
make faces 做鬼脸
make fun of 和 开玩笑
make a noise 吵闹
make it a rule 总是……
make one’s way to(out of)向… 走去(从…走出)
make ends meet 应付开支,量入为出
make room 让地方
make sense 讲得通,很有意义
make sure(certain)一定要,确保,核实,弄清楚
make …to one’s own measure 依照某人的尺寸做……
make up 构成,占,编造,弥补
make up one’s mind 决心,利用
make use of 利用
Of(prep.)
a bit of少量的,一点
a bottle of 一瓶
a glass of 一(玻璃)杯
a great deal of 很多
a handful of 少量的
a (large)number of 许多
a lot of 许多,大量的
lots of 许许多多的
a piece of 一片(张,块)
a place of interest 名胜
a pair of 一双,一对
a waste of 浪费
all kinds of 各种各样的
all sorts of各种各样的
at the head of 在……的前头
at the mercy of 在……的支配下
because of 因为
be made up of 由……组成
be proud of 为……而自豪
be fond of 爱好,喜欢
be tired of 厌烦
die of 死于
dream of 向往,渴望,梦想
get rid of 处理,去掉
in charge of 主管,负责
in the charge of 由……掌管
in honour of 为了纪念,为向……表示敬意
instead of 代替
in the hope of 怀着……的期望
in spite of 尽管
knock out of 从……中敲出来
make fun of 取笑某人
make sure of 确定,弄清楚
make use of 利用
masses of 大多数
packs of 大量的,大部分
play the role of 扮演……角色
out of 从……向(往)外
on the point of 正要……的时候
plenty of 充足的,相当多的
remind sb of 使某人想起
run out of 用完
scores of 许多,大量
take the place of代替,取代
talk of 谈论,议论
think of 认为,想到,想起
take possession of占有,拥有
On(prep.,adv.)
on average 平均
on board 在船上
on fire 着火
on foot 走路,步行
on holiday 休假,度假
on one’s way to 在……的途中
on one’s own 独立地,独自地
on the air (用无线电,电视)播送
on the radio 通过收音机,通过广播
on the point of 正要……的时候
on watch 值班,守望
bring on 使前进,使发生,引起
carry on 继续下去
come on 来吧,赶快
congratulate …on 祝贺
depend on 依靠,相信
from then(now) on 从那时(现在)起
have…on穿着,戴着
have an effect on 对……产生作用
live on 以……为主食
look down on(upon) 轻视,看不起
keep on (doing sth) 继续(做某事)
move on 继续前进,
pass on 传递,转移到
play a joke on 戏弄(某人)
Out(adv.,prep)
break out 爆发,突然发生
carry out 开展,执行,实现
check out 查明,结帐
die out 消失,灭亡
find out 找出,查出
give out 分发,散发,用完
hand out分发
help…out 帮某人从困境中解脱
hold out 伸出
look out 留神,当心
pick out 挑出
point out 指出
put out 扑灭,关熄
run out of 用完
send out 发出,派遣
set out发出,开始
show…out 领……出去
try out 实验
work out 算出,解决,制定出
out of 从……向(往)外
out of breath 上气不接下气
out of work 失业,没工作
out of one’s reach 够不着
Put(v.)
put away 存起来,收拾起来
put back 推迟,放回(原处),拨回(时钟)
put down 写下来,镇压
put forward 提出,提前
put in order 整理
put into practice 实行
put off 推迟,延期,关上(开关等)
put on 穿(戴)上,上演,打开(开关等)
put on weight 增加体重
put out 熄灭,生产,出版
put up 举(架)起,修建,张贴,留宿
Set (v.)
set about 开始(着手)做
set an example 作出榜样
set down 放下,写(记)下
set fire to=set…on fire 放火,烧着
set off 使爆炸,引起,起程
set out 出发,动身,开始,着手,列举,详述
set sail 起航
set to work (使)开始做……
set up 立(支)起来,成(建)立
Take(v.)
take a(one’s)seat 就座,坐下
take a look at 看一下
take a photograph (of)照一张(…的)相
take aim 瞄准
take an action 采取行动
take an interest in 对……感兴趣
take along 随身带着
take away拿走,拿开,使离开,把……打发走
take back 收回,让退(货)
take…by surprise使…吃惊,出奇兵攻占
take care 注意,当心
take care of 照顾,负责
take charge of 负责
take exercise 做运动
take…for granted 视为当然,想必是
take hold of 抓住,握住
take in 订阅,使上当,收留
take…in one’s arm (拥)抱
take it easy 别紧张,放松些
take note(notice)of 注意,理会
take notes 记录,作笔记
take off 脱掉,起飞,减(去)掉
take (a day)off 休假(一天)
take office 就职,上任
take on 雇用,招收,具有(……的意思),呈现……面貌,开始从事
take one’s defeat(things)lying down甘心失败
take (an active) part in(积极)参加
take one’s place 坐某人的座位,代替某人的职务
take place 发生,举行
take possession of 占有,拥有
take pride in 为……感到骄傲
take the place of 代替,取代
take turns 轮流
take up 开始学习,开始(某活动,空间)
take up arms 拿起武器
Turn(v.)
turn a deaf ear (blind eye)to不听(不理睬)
turn down 拒不采纳,开小点
turn in 上交,交进去,上床睡觉
turn on(off) 打开(关)
turn out 结果,原来(情况是),产生,制造
turn over 移交,打翻,翻耕,翻阅,考虑
turn to 求助于,翻到,转到
turn up 出席,出现,开大点,查找
Up(adv.)
break up 分解,腐蚀
bing up 教育,培养,提出,呕吐
build up 逐步实现
clear up 整理,弄清,晴(开)朗起来
come up 抬头,上来,上升
cut up 切碎,齐根切断
divide up 分配
eat up 吃完,吃光
fix up 安顿,修理好
give up 放弃,投降,献出
go up 上涨,上升
grow up 生长,长大
hold up 抬起,阻挡,使停顿
join up 连接(联合)起来
make up 编出,构成,弥补
open up 开创,开辟
pick up 接收,拾起,捡起
put up 举(架)起,张贴,留宿
round up 赶拢,使集拢
speed up 加快速度
set up 建立,创立
stay up 不睡,挺住,站立
take up 占去,占据
throw up 呕吐,吐出
turn up 到达,出现
wake up 醒来
Way(n.)
all the way 全程,一直地
ask the way 问路
by the way 顺便说(问)
by way of 取道,经由
have a long way to go 还有很长的路
in a(one) way 在某种程度上
in a bad way 身体状况不好,情况不妙
in any way 在任何(哪)方面
in every way 在各方面,以各种方式
in many ways 在很多方面
in no way 怎样也不,一点也不
in the (a) family way 怀孕了
in the way of,in one’s way 碍事,妨碍
lead the way 带路
make one’s way to 向……走去
lose one’s way 迷路
make way for 给……让路
on the way (to) 在(去)……路上
With(prep.)
be angry with 对……发脾气
be busy with 忙于
be fed up with 厌倦
catch up with 赶上
deal with 处理,对付
be in love with 与……相爱
get on well with 与……相处融洽
keep in touch with 与……保持联系
Word(s)(n.)
break one’s word不信守诺言,失信
eat one’s words 承认说错了,收回自己的话
have a word(a few words)with 和……说句(几句)话
have a word in one’s ear 给某人说悄悄话
have word 得到信息
接不定式或动名词做宾语意思相同的12 个动词
like to do sth/like doing sth喜欢做某事
love to do sth/love doing sth 喜欢做某事
hate to do sth/hate doing sth憎恨做某事
prefer to do sth/ prefer doing sth 宁可做某事
begin to do sth/ begin doing sth开始做某事
start to do sth/ start doing sth 开始做某事
continue to do sth/ continue doing sth 继续做某事
can’t bear to do sth/can’t bear doing sth不能忍受做某事
bother to do sth/ bother doing sth 麻烦做某事
intend to do sth/ intend doing sth 想要做某事
attempt to do sth/ attempt doing sth试图做某事
cause to do sth/ cause doing sth停止做某事
接不定式或动名词做宾语意思不同的7 个动词
(1) remember to do sth记住要做某事
remember doing sth记得曾做过某事
(2) forget to do sth忘记要做某事
forget doing sth忘记曾做过某事
(3) regret to do sth后悔(遗憾)要做某事
regret doing sth后悔(遗憾)做过某事
(4) try to do sth设法要做某事
try doing sth做某事试试看看有何效果
(5) mean to do sth打算做某事
mean doing sth意味着做某事
(6) can’t help to do sth不能帮助做某事
can’t help doing sth忍不住做某事
(7) go on to do sth做完某事后接着做另一事
go on doing sth继续做一直在做的事
可用于“动词+sb+of sth”的 8 个常见动词
accuse sb of sth控告某人犯某事(罪),指责某人做某事
cheat sb of sth骗取某人某物
cure sb of sth治好某人的病,改掉某人的习惯
inform sb of sth通知某人某事
remind sb of sth使某人想起某情况
rid sb of sth使某人摆脱某物
rob sb of sth抢劫某人的某东西
warn sb of sth警告某人有某情况
18个常用“be+形容词+for”结构
be anxious for 渴望
be bad for 对……有害,对……不行
be bound for 前往
be celebrated for 以……出名
be convenient for 对……方便,在……附近
be eager for 渴望
be famous for 因……闻名
be fit for 合适,适合
be good at 对……有益(方便)
be grateful for 感谢
be hungry for 渴望得到
be late for 迟到
be necessary for 对……有必要
be ready for 为……准备好
be sorry for 因……抱歉
be suitable for 对……合适(适合)
be thankful for 因……而感激
be well-known for 以……出名
动名词前省略介词 in 的18
常用结构
be careful (in) doing sth做某事时很小心
be busy (in) doing sth忙于做某事
be fortunate (in) doing sth很幸运做某事
be late(in) doing sth做某事做晚了或做迟了
have luck(in) doing sth做某事时有运气(走运)
have difficulty(in) doing sth做某事有困难
have trouble (in) doing sth做某事有困难
have bother(in) doing sth做某事费劲
have a problem(in) doing sth做某事有困难
have a good time(in) doing sth做某事很开心
have a hard time(in) doing sth做某事很辛苦
find diffuculty(in) doing sth做某事发现有困难
lose no time(in) doing sth马上做某事
spend money(time) (in) doing sth花钱(时间)做某事
waste money(time) (in) doing sth浪费钱(时间)做某事
There is no difficulty(in) doing sth做某事没有困难
There is no use(in) doing sth做某事没有用
There is no point(in) doing sth做某事没有意义
24个常用“in+名词+of”结构
in advance of在……前面
in behalf of为了,为了……的利益
in celebration of 庆祝
in commemoration of纪念,庆祝
in explanation of 解释
in favour of 赞成,主张
in honor of 纪念,祝贺,欢迎
in need of 需要
in possession of 拥有
in respect of 关于,就……而言
in sight of 看得见,在看见……的地方
in support of 为了支持(拥护)……
in aid of 帮助
in case of 如果,万一,以防
in charge of 负责,管理
in defence of 保卫
in face of 面对
in front of 在……前面
in memory of 纪念
in place of代替
in praise of称赞
in search of 寻找,搜寻
in spite of 尽管,虽然
in view of 鉴于,考虑到
注:同时注意以下相似结构:
in exchange for 作为对……的交换
in return for 作为……的报答
in addition to 加之,除……之外
in contrast to(with) 与……形成对比
in reply to作为对……的回报(答复)
in(with)reference to关于
in preparation for为……作准备
in reward for 作为……的报酬
in answer to回答,响应
in opposition to 与……相反,反对
in response to 回答,响应
in(with) regard to 关于

高考英语固定搭配

His is too easy
Be getting on well with one’s study某人的学习越来越好
take several courses at school在学校学若干门课程
have English (Chinese, Physics…) every (other )day work hard at …
put one’s heart into…专心于;致力于
be interested in …
be fond of
like chemistry best
be good at …; be poor at …; do well in …; be weak in …
make progress in …; fail in …’ be tired of …’
pass the examination; give sb. a passing grade;
major in history 主修历史
He has the best record in school. 他的成绩最棒。
get a doctor’s degree 获得博士学位
be more interesting to sb.
learn about; succeed in…; be active in class (work);
take an active part in …; learn… by heart;
work out a (maths) problem; improve oneself in …;
get 90 marks for (English); get an “A” in the exam;
have a good command of…
lay a good foundation in (language study)
2、师生关系
get on well with sb; like to be with students;
be gentle with us; be kind to sb;
be a strict teacher; be strict with one’s pupils;
be strict in work
We think of him (her) as …; help sb with sth;
praise sb for sth …; blame sb for sth..
give advice on …; question sb on …
be satisfied with …
correct the students’ homework carefully and prepare for the next day; give sb a lot of work;
try to teach sb good study habits; make one’s lessons lively and interesting; teach sb. sth.;
teach sb to do sth.
devote all one’s time to work;
admire (sb.for) his devotion to the cause of education
佩服他对于教育事业的献身精神。
划掉 cross out
对…残忍 be cruel to sb.
立方米 cubic meter
对…感到好奇 be curious about sth.
对…造成巨大损害 do great damage to
处境危险 in danger
过时 out of date
在不久前,前几天 the other day
对…充耳不闻 be deaf to sth.
对付,应付 deal with
负债 in debt
还清债务 out of debt
做出决定 make a decision
做好事 do good deeds
付诸行动,生效 do the deed
直到深夜 deep into the night
沉思 deep in thought
深夜 deep into the night
毫不耽搁,立刻 without delay
迟迟未做某事 delay doing sth.
发表(演说等) deliver a speech
满足要求 meet the demands
外语系 foreign language department
百货商店 department store
难以形容 beyond description
决心做某事 be determined to do sth.
随着工业的发展 with the development of industry
献身于,致力于 devote oneself to
处于灭亡的危险中 be in danger of dying out
没作用,没影响 make no difference
做…有困难,难以… have difficulty in doing sth.
应邀赴宴 be invited to dinner
向四面八方 in all directions
做出新的发现 make a new discovery
正在讨论中 under discussion
洗盘子 wash dishes
在远方,在远处 in the distance
对…冷淡 be distant toward sb.
对…有益 do good to
做坏事,犯罪 do wrong
挨门挨户 from door to door
隔壁的 next door
下楼 go downstairs
到市区去 go downtown
缓慢前进,拖延 drag one’s feet
催人泪下 draw tears from sb.
渴望做某事 dream of doing sth.
在墙上钻孔 drill a hole in the wall
赶走 drive off
使某人发狂 drive sb. mad
挣钱 earn money
谋生 earn one’s living
究竟 on earth
别着急,别紧张,放松些 take it easy
对…有很大影响 have a great effect on
努力做某事 make efforts to do sth.
鼓励某人做某事 encourage sb. to do sth.
量入而出;使收支相抵 make ends meet
美满的结局 a happy ending
说英语的国家 English-speaking countries
报名比赛 enter oneself for a contest
剧场的入口 the entrance to the theater
在除夕 on New Year’s Eve
虽然,即使 even if / even though
时事 current events
参加考试 have / take an examination
进行体格检查 carry out a medical examination
考试及格 pass an examination
为…树立榜样 set an example to sb.
做早操 do morning exercises
产生,成立 come into existence
做实验 carry / do / make an experiment
做解释,说明 make an explanation
做鬼脸,装怪相 make a face
事实上 as a matter of fact
未能… fail to do sth.
落后,掉队 fall behind
对…而熟悉 be familiar with sth.
因…而闻名 be famous for
作为…而闻名 be famous as
摸某人的脉 feel one’s pulse
觉得想做… feel like doing sth.
伤害某人的感情 hurt one’s feelings
春节 the Spring Festival
发高烧 have a high fever
科学领域 the field of science
五十多岁时 in one’s fifties
关键人物 a key figure
填写表格 fill in the form
刹那间 in a flash
一场大洪水 a big / great flood
扫地 sweep the floor
在三层 on the third floor
三层楼的建筑 a building of three storeys
正在开花 be in flowers
放(风筝等) fly a kite
糊里糊涂 in a fog
欺骗,愚弄某人 make a fool of sb.
在山脚下 at the foot of the mountain
空军 the air force
靠武力,强行 by force
用很大力气 with great force
对外贸易 foreign trade
养成好习惯 form a good habit
碰碰运气 try one’s fortune
每四个一组(一批);四个四个地 in fours
常客 a frequent visitor
新手 a fresh hand
同…交朋友 make friends with
那时起 from then on
不时地,时常 from time to time
不劳而不获。 No pains, no gains.
做游戏 play games
代沟 generation gap
开始认真(做某事) get down to sth.
陷入麻烦 get into trouble
有音乐天分 have a gift for music
用尽,耗尽,筋疲力尽 give out
朝…看了一眼 take a glance at
向人瞪眼,怒目而视 glare at
(灯,火)熄灭 go out
复习功课 go over the lesson
进了一个球 score a goal
犯语法错误 make mistakes in grammar
懂某人的意思 grasp one’s meaning
勿踏草地 keep off the grass
养成…的习惯 get into the habit of
用手 by hand
分发 hand out
一方面…另一方面… on the one hand…on the other hand
少量的 a handful of
过幸福生活 live a happy life
损害,伤害 do harm to
一个好收成 a good harvest
保持镇静 keep one’s head
身体好 in good health
记住某事 learn / know sth. by heart
紧握某物 keep a tight hold on sth.
握住;抓住 catch / take / get hold of
趾高气扬 hold one’s head high
暑假 the summer holidays
休假 on holiday
为(向)… 表示敬意;为了纪念… in honour of
对某人抱很大希望 have high hope for sb.
怀着…的希望 in the hope of doing sth.
住院 be in hospital
大约一小时 an hour or so
挨饿 go hungry
打猎 go hunting
匆匆忙忙 in a hurry
不知道 have no idea
但愿,要是…就好了 if only
给某人留下好印象 make a good impression on sb.
慢慢前进 inch one’s way forward
患难之交才是真朋友。 A friend in need is a friend indeed.
告诉某人某事 inform sb of sth
坚持要做 insist on doing
视察工厂 inspect a factory
激动人心的演讲 an inspiring speech
急需帮助 in instant need of help
打断谈话 interrupt a conversation
介绍信 a letter of introduction
收到请帖 receive an invitation
邀请信 a letter of invitation
讲笑话 tell a joke
和某人开玩笑 play a joke with sb.
旅行 make a journey
使某人高兴的是 to one’s joy
不可以貌取人。 Don’t judge a man by his looks.
初中 a junior high school
正在那时 just then
与…保持联系 keep in touch with
使…不进入… keep out of
成功的秘诀 the key to success
踢门 kick the door
踢掉鞋子 kick off one’s shoes
跪下 go down / fall on one’s knees
敲门 knock at the door
最迟,至迟 at the latest
迟早 sooner or later
哈哈大笑起来 burst into laughter
违(守)法 break / obey the law
制定一条法律 make a law
摆设餐具(准备吃饭) lay the table
过着简朴的生活 lead a simple life
忽略,遗漏 leave out
听关于…的讲座 attend a lecture on
给某人一个教训 teach sb. a lesson
从…在中吸取教训 take a lesson from
惊讶地叫了一声 let out a cry of surprise
透漏消息 let out the news
大写字母 a capital letter
仰卧 / 俯卧 lie on one’s back / stomach
复活,苏醒过来 come back to life
交通信号灯 traffic lights
列一张购物清单 make a shopping list
谋生,度日 make a living
丧生,死;牺牲 lose one’s life
泄气;灰心 lose heart
失音 lose one’s voice
输一场 lose a game
祝你好运。 Wish you good luck.
洗衣机 a washing machine
欣喜若狂 be mad with joy
邮寄包裹 send the parcel by mail
赚钱 make money
交朋友 make friends
取得进步 make progress
利用 make use of
编造故事 make up a story

发布日期:2019-11-07 06:45:57  投稿会员: