高考常考短语归纳 高考常考的短语与词汇

have the ability to do有做…的能力
be able to do = be capable of doing 能够干 ( an able man 一个能干的人)
be about to do sth..when 当…的时候
about four years = four years or so大约
go aboard 上船
at home and abroad 在国内外
above/below the sea level be absent from缺席… (be present at 出席…)
the access to sp进入…通道(机会)
have access to sth 有接近/使用。。。的机会
You can easily get access to him.你可以轻易见到他。
by accident = by chance 意外地
accomplish wonders 创造奇迹
account for 说明,解释
(take sth into account = take sth into consideration = consider sty) ( on account of = because of = owing to = due to) accuse sb of sth 指责
(blame sb for … ; charge sb with sth 因…而控告某人)
be accustomed to doing = be used to doing 习惯于干…
My feet ache.= My feet hurt. come across = meet with = run into 遇到
act as (serve as) 充当
(act on what he said) act on what he told me 按照他告诉我的做
take action ( take steps= take measures) 采取行动
take an active part in = be active in 积极参加
adapt sb to sty 使…适应
adapt one’s thinking to the new conditions add to 增加
(add up these figures , add up to = come to , add A to B ) The rain added to our difficulties. in addition to = as well as = besides 除了…还有 in addition = besides = furthermore 此外,而且 He ate two large hamburgers, and in addition, he drank a large cola. adjust one’s watch 把表拨准 adjust the table to the height of the child adjust oneself to sth使自己适应于
Animals adjust themselves to the environment. We admired the way he dealt with the problem. 赞赏,钦佩 How much is the admission fee? 入场费 Admission : $1 admit doing/that = confess doing/that 承认 admit sb into/to sp 使…进入 admit him into the Party keep up with the advance of the society 跟上社会的进步 an advanced worker take advantage of 利用 take advantage of his ignorance have advantage over sb to one"s advantage 对…有利的是
to one"s disadvantage 对…不利的是
in advance = ahead of time = ahead of schedule 提前
advertise sty 登…广告 advertise for sth为得到…而登广告
follow(take) one"s advice 听从...劝告
give sb one"s advice on/about a piece of advice advise sb to do sth 劝告,建议某人干…
foreign affairs 外交事务
class affairs private affairs affect sth 影响
influence sb to do 影响某人去做…
have an affection for sb喜爱…
show an affection for sb 向…表达爱意
can/could/be able to afford sth 买得起
(afford to do sty , afford sb to do sth) be afraid to do sth… 不敢
be afraid of doing害怕去做
She is afraid to go out alone at night. After you, please.你先请。
after-sales service 售后服务
be/run after 追求、追赶某人
The dog is running after the cat. after all 毕竟
be named after 以…命名
lean against 靠着
be in favour of = be for = be on one"s side 支持
be against = object to 反对
fight/struggle against 对抗
The mountain is grey against the blue sky. 在蓝天反衬下山是灰色的。
under age 未到年龄
be of age 成年
the Stone Age 时代
about/of my own age 和我一样大
for ages = for a long time the old = the aged = the elderly 老年人
I"m aged 10.= I"m 10 years old. agree on 对……取得一致意见 ,
agree to(suggestion, proposal, plan) 同意(计划、建议)
agree with 同意(看法等),符合
(The milk doesn’t agree with me) ahead of sb胜过, 超过
ahead of time 提前
a hearing aid = an aid to hearing 助听器
food and medical aid 食物和药物援助
aim at 瞄准
(aim at doing = aim to do以…目标 ) This book aims at giving a brief outline of the history of Ming Dynasty. by air = by plane on the air 在广播中 in the air 在空气中 in the open air 在露天 set the alarm at 10 把闹钟调在10点
give/sound/raise the alarm 发警报
the alcoholic drinks 含酒精的饮料
the soft drinks不含酒精的饮料
the people alive = the living people 活着的人
catch sb alive 活捉某人
all the same 还是,仍然
all the time 始终 一直
all over 到处
I’m wet all over. in all 总共
after all 毕竟
above all 最重要的
first of all 首先
all at once = suddenly allow sb to do sty 允许
allow sb sty = give sb sty 允给
I allowed him to be a good student. = I allowed that things were getting worse. 承认
let sb alone 让…单独留下
He alone can do it. = Only he can do it. 仅仅(用于名词或代词后)
let alone 更不用说,何况
egg: He can"t walk, let alone run. get alone with 与…相处
along with = together with come along 一起来
in a loud voice以较高的声音
I returned by an alternative way (= another way ). have no alternative but to do = have no choice but to do be always doing 总是干… (He is always making mistakes.) amaze sb (surprise , astonish) be amazed to do/at/that 吃惊 achieve one"s ambitions 达到…志向
reach a goal 达到…目标
a large amount of , amounts of 大量的
amount to 共计为
(= add up to = come to) the ancient times and so on = and so forth等等
be filled with anger 满腔愤怒
lose one"s temper 发脾气
be angry at (言行) , be angry with sb/about sty (I am angry at his words.) an annual report 年度报告 one another = each other the answer to , answer back 顶嘴 answer for 对…负责,因…而受罚 (= be responsible for), Who will answer for it? be anxious about = be worried about. 焦虑的;发愁的 be anxious to do = be eager to do = long to do be anxious for = be eager for = be long for anything but 一点也不 He is anything but a teacher nothing but 只不过 He is nothing but a small boy. none but 只有 He chose none but the best. tell sty apart 区别开
tear sty apart 撕开
apart from 此外,除外
(=besides,except) apologize to sb for ( doing ) sty make an apology to sb for doing apparent (clear) This is apparent to all. appear出现
(seem, happen) 显得;好像
It appears that he is honest. have a good/poor appetite 有好/坏的食欲
win the applause of the masses 得到群众的赞扬
(win the hearts of audience) have applications in 在…(方面)应用
apply for 请求, 申请
apply A to B 把A应用到B中
We should apply what we have learned to our practice. apply oneself to doing 专心从事,埋头于… apply one"s mind to sty专心于
appoint sb (to be) sty 任命某人做…
appoint sb to the position of …任命某人做…(职位)
the appointed time 约定的时间
have an appointment with sb 与…有个约会
I interviewed him by appointment. 通过预约定
appreciate doing 感激
appreciate one"s kindness in doing I would appreciate it if you would… 如果你…我将万分感激 approach 接近 Spring is approaching. He is difficult to approach. the approach to this town 进入…的通道
appropriate适当的
at an appropriate time take appropriate measures be appropriate to/for a remark appropriate to the occasion 评价 approve of 赞成,批准 (disapprove of ) a parking area 停车场
a play area 娱乐场
in area在面积上
PuDong new area 浦东新区 .
argue with sb about/over sty 与…争吵
carry a baby in her arms arm in arm 手挽手
with open arms 张开手臂欢迎,热烈的
lay down one"s arms.放下武器
show sb around 带领某人参观…
arouse my interest引起我的兴趣
arrange to do 安排
arrange for sb to do 安排某人去做
make arrangements for sb to do 安排某人去做…
make preparations for为…作准备
arrest sb 拘捕
arrive at an agreement 达成协议
arrive at sp + 小地方
arrive in sp + 大地方
artificial silk/rainfall 人造的
(a false name) as soon as (had no sooner ... than , had hardly ... when ) I had hardly got home when it began to rain. = Hardly had I got home when it began to rain. as...as...同…一样
not as/so ...as...不如…那样
as for/to 关于,至于
as if 似乎
He looks as if he were tired. act as 当作
serve as 当作 such...as像…之类 the same...as 像…一样
as/so long as 只要, 在…的时候
as far as据…所知
regard...as把…认作
①She broke it as she stood up. ②Do as I say. ③He is as old as I. ④As is known to all, he is good. ⑤Young as he is, he knows a lot. reduce sty to ashes 把..烧成灰烬
(burn sty into ashes) be ashamed to do be ashamed of doing be ashamed of oneself为自己感到惭愧
ask for 寻找
ask about 查问,打听
ask after 问候
ask for leave 请假
ask for a day off ask sb a favour/a favour of sb, ask too much of sb What do you ask of me? (require of) fall asleep be ( sound / fast ) asleep in this aspect = in this respect 在…方面
assemble a machine 装备…
The students assembled on the ground. 集合
assign sb sth 分配, 布置
assign sb to do sty 布置
assist sb with sty, assist sb to do sty, assist sb in doing sth 协助
associate A with B 把A和B结合在一起 , 联想到一起
assume the cost 承担费用
( I assume that he was there. 假定 ) assure sb of assure sb that使(某人)相信
be astonished to do be astonished at be astonished that 惊讶
to one"s astonishment = to one’s surprise at once 立即,马上
at the moment 此刻,目前
aim at 瞄准, 针对
shoot at 向…射击,
call at fire at glance at stare at look at point at now = at present = for the time being = right now 现在 a heart attack 心脏病 (a heart disorder, a heart disease) attach the label to your luggage 连接;附属
a bedroom with a bathroom attached attempt to do 企图干
make an attempt to do Are you being attended to? 有人招待你吗?
attend the meeting = be present at the meeting pay attention to 对…加以注意
catch/draw /attract/hold one"s .attention 吸引注意力
develop an attitude to/towards 对…的态度
show one"s attitude 表明态度
take a form attitude 采取强硬态度
attract sb/sty attract one’s attention have an audience of 有…的观众 
(vocabulary ,population , staff) a small(large) audience the authorities 政府当局
have authority over 对…行使权力
in early/late fall sth be available to sb可取得的
be available for two weeks 有效期
the average temperature 平均温度
on the average 平均而论
above/below/up to the average await sb = wait for sb 等待
keep sb awake 使…醒着
wake sb up 唤醒…
awaken sb to sth 使…意识到 (I was awakened by the noise.) award sb sth 授予
award sth to sb reward sb with sth for doing sth give sb a reward of...for... be aware of = be conscious of 知道意识到 be away from 离 take sth away 拿起
run away 逃走
put sth away 收起
give away 泄漏
throw away 扔
keep away 防范
turn away from避开,不理睬
awfully = terribly = extremely = very非常的;糟透了的
awkward 笨拙的,困难的

高考常考短语归纳 高考常考的短语与词汇

2015高考中需要掌握的短语有哪些

一、可用于“动词+sb+of sth”的8个常见动词
accuse sb. of sth. 控告某人犯某事(罪),指责某人做某事
cheat sb. fo sth. 骗取某人某物
cure sb. of sth. 治好某人的病,改掉某人的坏习惯
inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某情况(事)
remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某情况(事)
rid sb. of sth. 使某人摆脱某物
rob sb. of sth. 抢劫某人的某东西
warn sb. of sth. 警告某人有某情况

二、可用于“动词+sb+for doing sth”的8个常见动词
blame sb. for doing sth. 指责某人做某事
criticize sb. for doing sth. 批评某人做某事
forgive sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事
excuse sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事
pardon sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事
punish sb. for doing sth. 惩罚某人做某事
scold sb. for doing sth. 指责(责备)某人做某事
thank sb. for doing sth. 感谢某人做某事

三、可用于“动词+sb+into doing sth”的9个常见动词
cheat sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 trick sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事
food sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 force sb. into doing sth. 迫使某人做某事
argue sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 talk sb.into doing sth. 说服某人做某事
terrify sb. into doing sth. 威胁某人做某事 frighten sb. into doing sth. 吓唬某人做某事
persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事

四、容易误用作及物动词的9个不及物动词
误:deal aproblem 正:deal with a problem 处理问题
误:dependsb. 正:depend on sb. 依靠(依赖)某人
误:insist doingsth. 正:insist on doing sth. 坚持要做某事
误:knock thedoor 正:knock on [at] the door 敲门
误:operate sb. 正:operate on sb. 为某人做手术
误:participatesth. 正:participatein sth. 参加某事
误:refersth. 正:refer to sth. 查阅(参考)某物
误:rely sb. /sth. 正:rely on sb. / sth. 依靠(依赖)某人(某物
误:reply aletter 正:reply to a letter 回信
注:在某些其他用法中,以上有的动词也可能及物,如insist, reply等动词后可接宾语从句,operate表示“操作”、“管理”等时则及物。

五、容易误用作不及物动词的8个及物动词
误:serve forsb. 正:serve sb. 为某人服务
误:marry withsb. 正:marry sb. 与某人结婚
误:discussabout sth. 正:discuss sth. 讨论某事
误:mentionabout sth. 正:mention sth. 提到某事
误:enter into aroom 正:enter a room 进入房间
误:contact withsb. 正:contact sb. 与某人联系
误:equal tosth. 正: equal sth. 等于某物
误:ring tosb. 正:ring sb. 给某人打电话
注:有个别词在用于其他意义时,可以是不及物的,如enter into可以表示开始进入或从事某一状态或活动,或用于较抽象的概念。如:
The country entered into a state of war. 这个国家进入战争状态。
I can enter into your feelings at the loss of your father. 我理解你失去父亲后的心情。
The two old men entered into a long conversation. 两位老人开始长谈起来。

六、17个常用“be+形容词+about”结构
be angry about 为……生气 be anxiousabout 为……担忧
be careful about 当心…… be certain about 确信……
be curious about 对……好奇 be disappointed about 对……失望
be excited about 对……感到兴奋 be gladabout 对……感到高兴
be happy about 为……感到高兴 behopeful about 对……抱有希望
be mad about 对……入迷 be nervousabout 为……感到不安
be particular about 对……讲究 be sad about 为……而难过
be serious about 对……认真 be sure about 对……有把握
be worried about 为……担忧

七、10个常用“be+形容词+at”结构
be angry at 为……生气 be bad at 不善于……
be clever at 擅长于…… be disappointed at 对……失望
be expert at 在……方面是内行 be good at 善于……
be mad at 对……发怒 be quick at 在……方面敏捷
be skilful at 在……方面熟练 be slow at 在……方面迟钝

八、18个常用“be+形容词+for”结构
be anxious for 渴望 be bad for 对……有害,对……不利
be bound for 前往 be celebrated for 以……出名
be convenient for 对……方便,在……附近 be eager for渴望
be famous for 因……闻名 be fitfor 合适,适合
be good for 对……有益(方便) be grateful for 感谢
be hungry for 渴望得到 be late for 迟到
be necessary for 对……有必要 be ready for 为……准备好
be sorry for 因……抱歉 be suitablefor 对……合适(适宜)
be thankful for 因……而感激 be well-known for以……出名

九、6个常用“be+形容词+from”结构
be absent from 缺席,不在 be differentfrom 与……不同
be far from 离……远,远远不 be free from 没有,免受
be safe from 没有……的危险 be tired from 因……而疲劳

十、13个常用“be+形容词+in”结构
be concerned in 与……有关 be disappointed in 对(某人)感到失望
be engaged in 从事于,忙于 be experiencedin 在……方面有经验
be expert in 在……方面是行家 be fortunate in 在……方面幸运
be honest in 在……方面诚实 be interested in 对……感兴趣
be lack in 缺乏 be rich in 富于,在……方面富有
be skilful in 擅长于 be successful in 在……方面成功
be weak in 在……方面不行

十一、18个常用“be+形容词+of”结构
be afraid of 害怕 be ashamed of 为……感到羞愧
be aware of 意识到,知道 be capable of 能够,可以
be careful of 小心,留心 be certain of 确信,对……有把握
be fond of 喜欢 be free of 没有,摆脱
be full of 充满 be glad of 为……而高兴
be nervous of 害怕 beproud of 为……自豪
be short of 缺乏 be shy of 不好意思
be sick of 对……厌倦 be sure of 肯定,有把握
be tired of 对……厌烦 be worthy of 只得,配得上

十二、20个常用“be+形容词+to”结构
be accustomed to 习惯于 be blind to 对……视而不见
be close to 靠近,接近 becruel to 对……残酷,对……无情
be devoted to 献身,专心于 be equalto 等于,能胜任
be familiar to 为(某人)所熟悉 be harmful to 对……有危害
be important to 对……重要p; be open to 对……开放,易受到
be opposed to 反对,不赞成 be oppositeto 在……对面,和……相反
be polite to 对……有礼貌 be relatedto 与……有关(是亲戚)
be respectful to 尊敬 be rude to 对……无礼
be similar to 与……相似 be true to 忠实于,信守
be used to 习惯于 be useful to 对……有用

十三、16个常用“be+形容词+with”结构
be angry with 对(某人)生气 be boredwith 对……厌烦
be busy with 忙于 be careful with 小心
be concerned with 关于,与……有关 be content with 以……为满足
be delighted with 对……感到高兴 be disappointedwith 对(某人)失望
be familiar with 熟悉,精通 behonest with 对(某人)真诚
be ill with 患……病 be patient with 对(某人)有耐心
be pleased with 对……满意(高兴) be popular with 受……欢迎
be satisfied with 对……满意 be strictwith 对(某人)严格

十四、24个常用“in+其他词+of”结构
in advance of 在……前面 in aid of 帮助
in behalf of 为了,为了……的利益 in case of 如果,万一,以防
in celebration of 庆祝 in charge of 负责,管理
in commemoration of 纪念,庆祝 in defence of 保卫
in explanation of 解释 in face of 面对
in favour of 赞成,主张 in front of 在……前面
in honor of 纪念,祝贺,欢迎 in memoryof 纪念
in need of 需要 in place of 代替
in possession of 拥有 in praise of 称赞
in respect of 关于,就……而言 in searchof 寻找,搜找
in sight of 看得见,在看见……的地方 inspite of 虽然,尽管
in support of 为了支持(拥护)…… in viewof 鉴于,考虑到
注:同时注意一下相似结构:
in exchange for 作为对……的交换 in preparation for 为……作准备
in return for 作为……的报答 inreward for 作为……的报酬
in addition to 加之,除……之外 in answerto 回答,响应
in contrast to [with] 与……形成对比 in opposition to 与……相反,反对
in reply to 作为对……的回答(答复) in response to 回答,响应
in [with] reference to 关于 in [with]regard to 关于

十五、27个带to doing sth.的常用结构
1.动词+介词to+动名词
(1) admit to doing sth. 承认做了某事
(2) apply to doing sth. 适用于做某事
(3) object to doing sth. 反对做某事
(4) see to doing sth. 负责做某事
(5) stick to doing sth. 坚持做某事
(6) take to doing sth. 喜欢上做某事,逐渐习惯做某事
2.动词+宾语+介词to+动名词
(1) apply oneself to doing sth. 专心致力于做某事
(2) devote sth. to doing sth. 把……献给做某事
(3) devote oneself to doing sth. 献身于做某事
(4) limit sth. to doing sth. 把……限制在做某事的范围内
(5) reduce sb. to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事
3.动词+名词+介词to+动名词
(1) give one’s life to doing sth. 献身于做某事
(2) give one’s mind to doing sth. 专心做某事
(3) have a dislike to doing sth. 厌恶做某事
(4) have an eye to doing sth. 注意做某事
(5) have an objection to doing sth. 反对(反感)做某事
(6) pay attention to doing sth. 注意做某事
(7) set one’s mind to doing sth. 决心做某事
4.be+形容词+介词to+动名词
(1) be equal to doing sth. 等于做某事,能胜任做某事
(2) be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事
(3) be opposed to doing sth. 反对做某事
(4) be reduced to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事
(5) be devoted to doing sth. 把时间(钱,精力等)献给做某事
(6) be limited to doing sth. 把……限制在做某事的范围内
5.其他结构+介词to+动名词
(1) get down to doing sth. 开始做某事,认真处理某事
(2) look forward to doing sth. 盼望做某事
(3) What do you say to doing sth? 你认为做某事如何?

求高考英语必背词组短语,经常出现在单选选项里的。

其实……好像高考英语只有15分单选吧?????我考四六级的时候我就觉得还是听力难度最大,词汇不是问题……因为其实你都已经把所有要考的短语的意义都记住了……根本没有什么难度。我高考英语就上了145

发布日期:2019-11-07 06:45:23  投稿会员: