英语固定句型大全 初一英语句型,固定搭配大全

enjoy doing sth 享受或喜欢做某事
  I enjoy driving.我喜欢开车。
  Different people enjoy doing different things.不同的人喜欢做不同的事。
  be busy doing sth 忙于做某事
  I am busy doing my homework right now. 我现在正在忙着做作业。
  They are busy going to school. 他们赶着上学。
  It`s+adj +to do sth . 做什么事情是.....的
  It"s hard to get up early. 起早床是一件难事。
  It"s very hard to do everything very well.把所有事情都做得很好是很难的
  try doing 试着做某事
  I try doing more exercise.我试着多做运动。
  I try washing my clothes.我试着洗自己的衣服。
  ask sb.to do 叫某人做某事
  The teacher asks me to answer the question. 老师叫我回答这个问题。
  I ask my mother to buy me a toy.我叫妈妈给我买一个玩具。
  forget doing 忘记已经做过的事
  I forget doing homework this morning.我忘记今天早上做过作业了。
  forget to do 忘记要去做某事
  Sorry, Miss Zhang I just forget to do my homework.对不起,张老师,我只是忘记要做功课了。
  remember to do 记得要做某事(还没做过)
  I remember to watch this movie.我记得要去看这部电影。
  I remember to play basketball with my friends.我记得要去和我的朋友们一起打篮球。
  remember doing 记得做过的事
  I remember watching this movie.我记得看过这部电影。
  I remember playing basketball with my friends.我记得和我的朋友们一起打过篮球。
  let sb do 让某人做某事
  Let me help you,please.请让我帮你吧。
  Let us go to school.让我们去上学吧。
  make sb do 使某人做某事
  He makes she cry. 他把她弄哭了。
  The poor marks(成绩不好)makes me feel unhappy. 成绩不好让我很不开心。
  like doing sth 喜欢做某事(习惯上的)
  I like watching TV. 我喜欢看电视。
  I like playing games with my friends.我喜欢和我的朋友玩游戏。
  start to do sth 开始去做某事
  I start to do my homework. 我开始做我的家庭作业。
  I start to go shopping.我开始去购物。
  start doing sth 开始做某事
  I start reading a story book.我开始阅读一本故事书。
  I start cleaning our classroom.我开始打扫教室。
  finish doing sth 完成....
  I finish doing my homework.我完成作业了。
  She finishes singing the song.她唱完这首歌了。
  (一般现在时态)be doing 正在做...
  I am sleeping.我正睡觉。
  They are playing football.他们正在踢足球。
  would like to do (表示意愿)
  I would like to help you with your study.让我在学习上帮帮你吧。
  She would like to go the cinema on weekend. 她想在周末去看电影。
  spend......(in) doing sth 花费....做...
  You spend much time in watching T.V..你花太多时间看电视了。
  I spend all my money buying this book.我把我的钱都花在买这本书上了。
  look forward to doing sth 期待做某事
  I look forward to growing up quickly.我想快快长大。
  They look forward to knowing the results of the examination.他们盼着知道考试的成绩。
  want to do sth 想要做某事
  I want to fly in the air. 我想在天上飞。
  I want to study English.我想学习英语
  decide to do sth 决定...
  I decide to do some housework. 我决定做一些家务事。
  She decides to wash clothes.她决定洗衣服。
  It takes sb sometime to do sth 花费某人多少时间做...
  It takes me a long time to learn how to ride a bike. 我花了很长时间学会骑自行车。
  It takes he sometime to answer the question.他花了一些时间来回答这个问题。
  be going to do sth/will do(一般将来时态)将要做某事
  I am going to play games with my friends.我将要和我们朋友一起玩游戏。
  They are planning to hold a party for her birthday. 他们打算将为她的生日举行一个聚会。
  Thank for doing sth 感谢做某事
  Thank for answer my question. 谢谢你回答我的问题。
  Thank for helping me with my English study.谢谢你帮我学习英语。
  in English用英语
  I can speak in English. 我会讲英语。

英语所有句型

英语基本句型有五个:S+V, S+V+Cs, S+V+O, S+V+Oi+Od, S+V+Od+Co, 其共有特征是主谓结构(S+V)。
句子成分主要有四种:主语S、谓语动词V、补语(主语补语Cs,宾语补语Co)和宾语(直接宾语Od,间接宾语Oi)。
●Pattern 1 (S + V)
1. 此句型中,“V” 是不及物动词,后面无宾语,如:
My right arm hurts.
但通常有后续成分或称状语(A),即 S+V+A,如:
She lived happily.
The sun rises every morning.

2. 在有些句子中,主语或谓语或某一部分可省略,如:
(I) Hope to see you again soon.(省略主语)
Who called? Jane (did).(省略谓语)

●Pattern 2 (S + V + Cs)
1. 此句型的 “V” 是连系动词,“Cs” 是主语补语,或称表语。充当主语补语的有名词、代词、形容词、副词、数词、介词短语、动词 V-ing 形式或 V-ed 形式、不定式及名词性从句等,如:
My first name is Bill.
Life is colorful.
Seeing is believing.
Our belief is that things will improve.

2. 常见的连系动词有下列几类:
a. 表示“判断”:be;
b. 表示“变得”、“成为”:become, come, go, fall, get, grow, prove, turn 等;
c. 表示“保持着某一状态”:hold, keep, lie, remain, rest, sit, stay 等;
d. 表示“看起来”、“好像”:appear, look, seem 等;
e. 表示“实感”:feel, sound, taste, smell 等。
e.g. She is a teacher and I am a doctor.
Spring comes and all trees turn green.
He stayed awake all night.
You don’t look happy, what"s the matter?
Their plan sounds wonderful.
●Pattern 3 (S + V + O)
1. “V” 是及物动词,后面需跟一个宾语,可充当宾语的有名词、代词、数词、不定式、V-ing 结构及名词性从句等,如:
I understand the program.
She asked to see the manager.
Mary is considering changing her job.
He said that he would call me tomorrow.

2. 这种结构有时必须跟状语,意义才完整(即 S + V + O + A),如:
We accepted their advice in buying a new car.
She completed the assignment just as the bell was ringing.
We don’t trust him because he often lies.
You make a promise only when you know you can keep it.

●Pattern 4 (S + V + Oi + Od)
1. 此句型的 “V” 称为双宾及物动词,其后需跟间接宾语 “Oi”(通常指人)和直接宾语 “Od”(通常指物或事)。

2. 此类动词大都具有给与的意义,常见的有allow, assign, award, bring, buy, cause, choose, fetch, find, get, give, grant, hand, leave, lend, offer, owe, pass, pay, post, promise, read, recommend, refuse, render, return, sell, send, show, sing, take, telephone, touch, tell, throw, wish, write 等,如:
I gave him the book.
I’ll return you the dictionary soon.

3. 有时间接宾语可移至直接宾语之后,但要加相应的介词如 “to”,“for”,“of” 等,试比较:
Betty gave her daughter an apple.
→Betty gave an apple to her daughter.
Father bought him a bike.
→Father bought a bike for him.
He asked me a question.
→He asked a question of me.
●Pattern 5 (S + V + Od + Co)
该句型中,谓语动词虽有宾语,但句子意义仍不完整,需加补语 “Co” 补足其意义。充当宾语补语的有名词、形容词、副词、介词短语、不定式短语及分词等,如:
We call him a fool.
We found the house empty.
Our neighbors built their wall high.
We believe you to be an honest man.
I heard them singing in the classroom.

常用的这类动词有:
appoint, believe, call, catch, choose, consider, declare, elect, fancy, feel, find, hear, imagine, judge, keep, know, leave, make, name, need, prefer, prove, see, select, suppose, think, vote 等。
Noun Clause(名词从句)

名词从句包括主语、宾语、表语和同位语等从句。它们可以由下列连词引导:从属连词 that, whether, if;连接代词 who(ever), whom, whose, what(ever), which(ever);连接副词 when, where, why, how, how much / many /long /often 等。
●主语从句在句中作主语
That mathematics finds its use in every science is evident.
Whoever is tired may rest.
Why the earth moves round the sun is quite clear now.

主语从句常放在句尾而用 it 作形式主语使句子更加平衡,这时口语中常省略 that, 如上面第一句改成“It is evident (that) mathematics finds its use in every science.”更好。

在下列情况下必须把主语从句放在句尾而用 it 作形式主语:
1. 主句谓语是被动语态时,如:
It is said that he is a good doctor.

2. 主句是疑问句或感叹句时,如:
Is it true that the film star will come?
How wonderful it is that we"ll visit the Great Wall tomorrow.

3. 主句谓语动词是 appear, turn out, happen, occur, come, strike, follow, matter 等时,如:
It happened that she had a cold and didn"t go with us that day.
It turned out that I was wrong.

4. 表示说话人的推测或评价,如在 it seems, it may be, it is (un)likely, it is (im)possible, it is a pity, it is a wonder 等结构中,如:
It seems that this test is reliable.
It is a pity (that) she can"t go with us.

5. 强调主句的表语时,如:
It is a mystery to me how it all happened.
It is necessary that he should do so.

●宾语从句在句中作宾语
I thought (that) you had read the book.
We should learn to tell whether an element is poisonous or not.
Do you know who invented this?

1. 宾语从句后有宾语补足语时常移至句末,而用 it 做形式宾语放在前面,如:
The experiment makes it clear that air has pressure.

2 宾语从句可作某些介词和某些作表语用的形容词的宾语,如:
The resistance of a wire also depends upon what material it is made of.
We are sure (that) it will be a success.

3. 宾语从句可以是直接引语也可以是间接引语,如:
He asked me, “Are you from Chengdu?”(直接引语)
He asked me whether I was from Chengdu.(间接引语)

●表语从句在句中作表语
The reason is (that) we haven"t raised enough money.
That is what we want to know.

●同位语从句在句中作补充说明名词及其短语的从句
I am in doubt whether I should buy or not.
He expressed his hope that he would visit China again.
Relative Clause(定语从句)

引导定语从句的关系词有
1. 关系代词 who, whom(代人);which(代物);that, whose, as (代人或物)。它们的数和人称要和先行词一致,格取决于它们在句中充当的成分,如:
A machine is a kind of device which (that) helps to do work.
Those who want tickets should go to the office.
The technician whom we met yesterday had worked out a new automatic device.

先行词前有限定词 all, any, every, (a)few, no, only, some, very 或序数词或形容词最高级等修饰时,或先行词是指物的不定代词 all, little, few,much, none 或 -thing 构成的复合不定代词时,一般只用关系代词 that,如:
Any boy that wants to succeed must work hard.
There is not much that can be done.
I"ve made up my mind, and nothing (that) you say will change it.

先行词是指示代词 such 或 same 时,只用 as, 先行词被指示形容词 such 或 same 修饰时,通常用as,如:
This book is not such as I expected.
She said the same as she said before.
I"ve never seen such dogs as you describe.
I"ll wear the same dress as I did last time.

2. 关系副词有:when, where, why, 它们都在从句中作状语,其先行词总是表示时间、地点或理由的名词,如:
The days when they had to import grain from abroad have now passed.
Air moves from places where the pressure is higher to places where the pressure is lower.
He refused to tell the reason why he did it.

限制性和非限制性定语从句 (Restrictive and Non-restrictive Clause)
限制性定语从句是主句中的先行词不可缺少的一部分,如果省去,主句的意义就不完整或不明确,因此,它与主句关系十分密切,不用逗号与主句分开;非限制性定语从句只是对主句中的先行词作附加说明,如果省去,主句仍能表达明确、完整的概念,因此,它与主句间有一逗号分开,如:
Don"t you know the people who live next door?
The problem, which is complicated, has been solved.

That 不用于引导非限制性定语从句;先行词是主句或主句的一部分时,用 which 或 as 引导非限制性定语从句,如从句放在主句之前则用 as 而不用which,如:
He changed his mind, which made me very angry.
He was a foreigner, as / which I knew from his accent.
As was expected, he performed the task with success.

关于 “Noun / Pronoun + Preposition + Which / Whom / Whose” 结构
The resistance of a conductor depends on the kind of substance of which it is made.
Isn"t she the girl with whom you visited the exhibition the other day?

关系代词 whom 和 which 常常作介词 of 的宾语,用“名词/代词/数词+of+whom / which”结构,如:
He is reading a book, the name of which I don"t know.
Her parents, both of whom are teachers, are very strict with her.
In our class there are forty students, four of whom are from Africa.

Whose 指物时常可用 of which 代替,这时 whose 所修饰的名词放在 of which 之前,如:
We had a meeting whose purpose was completely unclear.
= We had a meeting the purpose of which was completely unclear.
Apposition and Appositive Clause(同位语和同位语从句)

可以用作同位语的有:
1. 名词、代词、数词及其它们的短语、不定式和分词短语,如:
China, our great motherland, now is developing rapidly in science and technology.
We all went to see her.
We two are from Chongqing and they three are from Chengdu.
We all have a common desire — to become qualified teachers.
That"s her job, taking care of the aged in the community.

2. of 引导的介词短语,如:
the city of Beijing, the art of writing

3. 用连词 or, or rather 或 or better 等引导的词或短语,如:
They arrived home late that evening or rather early the next morning.

4. 用插入语 that is (to say), in other words, namely, for example, for instance, such as, say, especially, particularly, chiefly, mainly 等引导的词或短语,如:
Mr. Smith knows five languages, namely English, French, Chinese, Russian and Japanese.

5. 同位语从句,即与先行词同位或等同的从句,其先行词多为belief, doubt, fact, hope, idea, news, promise, question, remark, reply, report, thought, truth 等;其引导词多为 that(在口语中可省去),也可用 whether 等,如:
There can be no doubt that we"ll finish in time.
Most people are familiar with the idea that all matter consists of atoms.
We should discuss carefully the important question whether or not we can complete the task within a week.

注意 that 在同位语从句中不作任何句子成分,只起引导从句的作用,而在定语从句中 that 还充当主语或宾语,或状语,比较 :
No one can deny the fact that he has made great achievements in his work.(同位语从句,连词 that 在从句中不作任何 句子成分。)
This is the picture that the little boy drew yesterday. (定语从句,关系代词 that 在从句中作宾语。)
英语句子中的谓语动词必须和主语在人称和数上保持一致,如:
Mr. Smith teaches us oral English.
Nowadays lots of college graduates are busy looking for jobs.

1. 一些句子结构中的主谓一致:
a. 在 "there + be" 句型中,谓语动词通常和最邻近它的那个名词保持一致,如:
There is a book and four pens on the desk.
There are two beds and a bookshelf in the room.

b. 在定语从句中,谓语动词应和该从句的先行词保持一致,如:
Alice is the person who runs the school.
He who cheats on exams will be kicked out of the school.
I was one of those persons who were luckily interviewed by the director himself.
上例中如果 one 前有 the only 修饰,强调某一个体时,从句的谓语动词应用单
数,如:
I was the only one of those persons who was luckily interviewed by the director
himself.

c. 倒装结构中的谓语动词应与它的真正主语保持一致,如:
Here is a letter for you.
There come two buses.

英语句型结构大全……的关系就像……的关系


  英语五种基本句型结构

  英语中的五种基本句型结构
  一、句型1: Subject (主语) + Verb (谓语)
  这种句型中的动词大多是不及物动词,所谓不及物动词,就是这种动词后不可以直接接宾语。常见的动词如:work, sing, swim, fish, jump, arrive, come, die, disappear, cry, happen等。如:
  1) Li Ming works very hard.李明学习很努力。
  2) The accident happened yesterday afternoon.事故是昨天下午发生的。
  3)Spring is coming.
  4) We have lived in the city for ten years.
  二、句型2:Subject (主语) + Link. V(系动词) + Predicate(表语)
  这种句型主要用来表示主语的特点、身份等。其系动词一般可分为下列两类:
  (1)表示状态。这样的词有:be, look, seem, smell, taste, sound, keep等。如:
  1) This kind of food tastes delicious.这种食物吃起来很可口。
  2) He looked worried just now.刚才他看上去有些焦急。
  (2)表示变化。这类系动词有:become, turn, get, grow, go等。如:
  1) Spring comes. It is getting warmer and warmer.春天到了,天气变得越来越暖和。
  2) The tree has grown much taller than before.这棵树比以前长得高多了。
  三、句型3:Subject(主语) + Verb (谓语) + Object (宾语)
  这种句型中的动词一般为及物动词, 所谓及物动词,就是这种动词后可以直接接宾语,其宾语通常由名词、代词、动词不定式、动名词或从句等来充当。例:
  1) He took his bag and left.(名词) 他拿着书包离开了。
  2) Li Lei always helps me when I have difficulties. (代词)当我遇到困难时,李雷总能给我帮助。
  3) She plans to travel in the coming May Day.(不定式)她打算在即将到来的“五一”外出旅游。
  4) I don’t know what I should do next. (从句)我不知道下一步该干什么。
  注意:英语中的许多动词既是及物动词,又是不及物动词。
  四、句型4: Subject(主语)+Verb(谓语)+ Indirect object(间接宾语)+Direct object (直接宾语)
  这种句型中,直接宾语为主要宾语,表示动作是对谁做的或为谁做的,在句中不可或缺,常常由表示“物”的名词来充当;间接宾语也被称之为第二宾语,去掉之后,对整个句子的影响不大,多由指“人”的名词或代词承担。引导这类双宾语的常见动词有:buy, pass, lend, give, tell, teach, show, bring, send等。如:
  1) Her father bought her a dictionary as a birthday present.她爸爸给她买了一本词典作为生日礼物。
  2)The old man always tells the children stories about the heroes in the Long March.
  老人经常给孩子们讲述长征途中那些英雄的故事。 上述句子还可以表达为:
  1)Her father bought a dictionary for her as a birthday present.
  2)The old man always tells stories about the heroes to the children in the Long March.
  五、句型5: Subject(主语)+Verb (动词)+Object (宾语)+Complement(补语)
  这种句型中的“宾语 + 补语”统称为“复合宾语”。宾语补足语的主要作用或者是补充、说明宾语的特点、身份等;或者表示让宾语去完成的动作等。担任补语的常常是名词、形容词、副词、介词短语、分词、动词不定式等。如:
  1)You should keep the room clean and tidy. 你应该让屋子保持干净整洁。(形容词)
  2) We made him our monitor.(名词)我们选他当班长。
  3) His father told him not to play in the street.(不定式)他父亲告诉他不要在街上玩。
  4)My father likes to watch the boys playing basketball.(现在分词)
  5) Yesterday I had a picture taken with two Americans.(过去分词)
  ● 常见的动词有: tell, ask, advise, help, want, would like, order, force, allow等。
  ● 注意:动词have, make, let, see, hear, notice, feel, watch等后面所接的动词不定式作宾补时,不带to。如:
  1) The boss made him do the work all day.老板让他整天做那项工作。
  2) I heard her sing in the next room all the time last night.昨天晚上我听见她在隔壁唱了一个晚上。

发布日期:2019-11-05 06:21:47  投稿会员: